The Ozeretskoye-Neplyuevskoye peatland is located on the national forest lands in the Konakovo District of the Tver Province, 30 km from the city of Tver. It borders the village of Ozerki in the south and the Moscow – St. Petersburg railroad in the west.
The total peatland area (to zero depth) is over 7000 ha. Virtually the whole peatland is drained and cut over, partially or fully, with milling machines. The peatland has been included into the register of the most fire-hazardous areas in the Tver Province.
The pilot site covers 900 ha. Rewetting of this site will affect 2,450 ha of adjacent peatland areas providing favourable conditions for the restoration of biodiversity and ecosystem services, such as the regulation of water regime, reduction of GHG emissions and carbon sequestration. The incidence of fires will be reduced considerably.
The rewetting was designed by the group of experts of the Peat Institute at the Tver State Technical University (headed by Prof. V.V. Panov) in 2013.
The implementation of this project was taken over by the Diakar Company, with funding from the AkshenNet Ltd. The restoration activities included the construction of 45 fixed dikes with a one-sided lateral flow on larger canals and 885 fixed dikes on smaller canals; all dikes were built using local materials: peat and mineral soil.
It is expected that a time period needed for the core area to be properly rewetted will comprise one to three years.
The initial restoration of mire ecosystem over the whole area will occur in three to ten years. In 10 to 15 years, the peatland will perform natural functions typical for mire ecosystems, such as water regulation, gas regulation, and water purification.
By that time, original or near-original vegetation communities will form, the peat formation process will resume, and a near-natural biodiversity will restore.