One of the important goals of the Dutch WASH Alliance is providing clean water and keeping it clean in order to prevent diseases. What is the most effective way to achieve that goal in an ecologically sustainable manner? This factsheet contains a number of suggestions and practical examples. Projects can focus on preventing sewage from coming into contact with drinking water, but they can also focus on reusing nutrients from that same sewage.
How can you store large amounts of clean water that would otherwise be lost via runoff ? And how can you access that water when it is needed? The answers to these questions diff er for each area or watershed. The Dutch WASH Alliance therefore works to find the most sustainable, suitable and context-specific solutions. The goal is to provide people with enough clean water, in a way that benefits both them and their natural environment. The ‘3R’ approach plays a vital role in realising this goal.
What do you need to pay attention to when you want to set up sustainable projects in the area of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)? The financial, institutional, environmental, techno logical and social (FIETS) aspects of sustainability. The Dutch WASH Alliance believes that all of these aspects require attention; not separately, but as a whole. This fact sheet explains the relationship between environmental sustainability and each of the other FIETS elements.
How can you support people in living healthy lives? One way is to ensure that they have access to enough clean water. Another is to support them in building proper sanitary facilities. Or to increase awareness of good hygiene practices. The Dutch WASH Alliance aims to realise and embed these conditions around the world. To ensure that it is done in the most sustainable manner possible, the Dutch WASH Alliance follows a unique strategy called ‘FIETS’. This factsheet explains part of the strategy: the focus on environmental sustainability.
By Lisa-Maria Rebelo a,*, Robyn Johnston b, Thomas Hein c, Gabriele Weigelhofer c,
Tom DHaeyer d, Bakary Kone e, Jan Cools f
Wetlands are too often perceived as standalone elements and are poorly integrated into river basin management. The Ramsar Convention recognizes the critical linkage between wetlands, water and river basin management; the governments that are party to the Convention have committed to conserving their wetlands within a framework of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). The ‘‘Critical Path’’ approach and related guidance have been adopted by Contracting Parties of the Ramsar Convention in order to effectively integrate wetland conservation and management into river basin management planning and decision-making. However, despite international acceptance of the approach, it is not widely implemented. This paper provides one of the first case study based assessments of the Critical Path approach. The analysis of two contrasting Ramsar sites is presented in order to better understand the barriers to implementation in different development contexts. These are the Lobau wetland in Austria, where management institutions and regulatory frameworks are highly developed; and the Inner Niger Delta in Mali, where the capacity to implement IWRM is less evolved. A planning approach is proposed which involves structured and transparent methods for assessing ecosystem services and institutional capacity, and is suitable as a tool for identifying, prioritizing and negotiating trade-offs in ecosystem services and improving livelihoods. Based on the analysis, two main barriers to implementation are identified; mismatch between local and national or basin level priorities, and a lack of recognition of the ecosystem services provided by wetlands. # 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
By Jan Cools a,b,*, Mori Diallo c, Eline Boelee d, Stefan Liersch e,
Dries Coertjens f, Veronique Vandenberghe g, Bakary Kone c
Livelihood and water-related diseases are strongly linked to wetland management. The majority of wetland stakeholders in the Inner Niger Delta, Mali considered human health and sanitation the most important criteria of a list of challenges and water-related pressures. Yet, a methodology to integrate health risks and opportunities into wetland management plans has previously not been proposed, despite the clear links and substantial real-life challenges. In this paper, a framework is presented to do this in data-poor context structured around the process to evaluate and prioritise the appropriateness of management options to improve human health.
In the data-poor context of the Inner Niger Delta, the selection of criteria and indicators, and the scoring of management options against these criteria and indicators has been done by a panel of stakeholders. Criteria were chosen to reflect the often difficult conditions in which management options need to be implemented and thus focused on the effectiveness and feasibility of management options to reduce the disease burden and the two major pathways for environmental disease transmission, namely contaminated water (pathogens) and stagnant water (parasites and organisms that can transmit them) at three wetland scales: urban areas, urban wetland and rural wetland. The feasibility for the sustainable implementation of a management option refers to the required institutional capacity and is scored by means of the concept of ‘‘adaptive capacity’’.
The presented framework uses rapid assessment tools and simplified scoring methods and proved useful in explaining issues across sectors and scales, to promote mutual understanding and to achieve an integrated assessment of the appropriateness of management options.
The booklet "Q&A To Constructed Wetlands" provides a better understanding on the use of constructed wetlands to treat wastewater as compared to conventional methods. This booklet was jointly produced by The National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia (NAHRIM) and Wetlands International, Malaysia.